New CA Foundation Syllabus 2024: ICAI New Scheme, Subjects

New CA Foundation Syllabus 2024: ICAI New Scheme, Subjects

The Institute of Chartered Accountants of India (ICAI) has introduced a new syllabus for the CA Foundation course, applicable from 2024. The new scheme includes updated subjects and topics designed to provide aspiring chartered accountants with a comprehensive understanding of key concepts in accounting, finance, taxation, and business laws. This article serves as a guide to the new CA Foundation syllabus, highlighting the changes and key subjects covered under the revised scheme.

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CA Foundation New Syllabus Papers 2024

In the new syllabus of CA Foundation 2024, under the new ICAI scheme, the following papers have been included:

Sl. No
Paper Name
Type of Questions
1 Accounting 100 Subjective
2 Business Laws 100 Subjective
3 Quantitative Aptitude:
– Part A: Business Mathematics 40 Objective
– Part B: Logical Reasoning 20 Objective
– Part C: Statistics 40 Objective
4 Business Economics 100 Objective

Detailed CA Foundation June 2024 Syllabus – Under New Scheme

Below is a table containing the detailed ICAI CA Foundation new scheme syllabus for each of the papers mentioned above. The details also contain the important topics for each of the CA Foundation subjects.

Paper 1 – Accounting

Objective: To develop an understanding of the basic concepts and principles of accounting and apply the same in preparing financial statements and simple problem-solving.

Sub Topics
Theoretical Framework
  1. Meaning and Scope of Accounting.
  2. Accounting concepts, principles and conventions.
  3. Capital and revenue expenditure, capital and revenue receipts, contingent assets and contingent liabilities.
  4. Accounting Policies.
  5. Accounting as a measurement discipline – valuation principles, accounting estimates. Accounting Standards-concepts and objectives.
Accounting Process
  1. Recording accounting transactions: principles of double entry book-keeping, books of original entry-journal, subsidiary books, cash book, ledger-format, posting from journals and subsidiary books, balancing accounts.
  2. Preparation Of Trial Balance.
  3. Rectification Of Errors.
  4. Bank Reconciliation Statement: Introduction, reasons, and preparation of the bank reconciliation statement.
– Meaning, basis, and technique of inventory valuation, cost of inventory, net realizable value, and record system.
Depreciation and Amortisation
– Tangible and intangible assets- meaning & difference, concepts, methods of computation, and accounting treatment of depreciation/amortization, change in depreciation method.
Bills of Exchange and Promissory Notes
– Meaning of bills of exchange and promissory notes and their accounting treatment; accommodation bills.
Preparation of Final accounts
– Elements of financial statements, closing adjustment entries, trading account, profit and loss account, and balance sheet of manufacturing and non- manufacturing entities.
Financial Statements of Not-for-Profit Org.
– Significance and preparation of receipt and payment account, income and expenditure account, and balance sheet, difference between profit and loss account and income and expenditure account.
Accounts from Incomplete Records
– Excluding preparation of accounts based on ratios.
Partnership And LLP Accounts
  1. Final accounts of partnership firms and LLP.
  2. Admission, retirement, and death of a partner including treatment of goodwill.
  3. Dissolution of partnership firms and LLPs including piecemeal distribution of assets.
Company Accounts
  1. Definition Of Shares And Debentures.
  2. Issue Shares And Debentures, forfeiture of shares, reissue of forfeited shares.
  3. Redemption of preference shares and debentures (excluding purchase and redemption of own debentures sinking fund method).

Paper 2: Business Laws

Objective: To develop general legal knowledge of the law of Contracts, Sales and understanding of various forms of businesses and their functioning to regulate business environment and to acquire the ability to address basic application-oriented issues.

Sub Topics
Indian Regulatory Framework
Major Regulatory Bodies such as the Ministry of Finance, Ministry of Corporate Affairs, SEBI, RBI, IBBI, Ministry of Law and Justice, etc.
The Indian Contract Act, 1872
  1. General Nature Of Contract.
  2. Consideration, Other essential elements of a valid contract.
  3. Performance Contract.
  4. Breach Of Contract.
  5. Contingent and Quasi Contract.
  6. Contract of Indemnity and Guarantee.
  7. Contract of Bailment and Pledge.
  8. Contract of Agency.
The Sale of Goods Act, 1930
  1. Formation of the contract of sale.
  2. Conditions and Warranties.
  3. Transfer of ownership and Delivery of goods.
  4. Unpaid seller and his rights.
The Indian Partnership Act, 1932
  1. General Nature of Partnership.
  2. Rights and Duties of partners.
  3. Reconstitution of firms.
  4. Registration and Dissolution of a firm.
The Limited Liability Partnership Act, 2008
  1. Introduction-covering nature and scope.
  2. Essential features.
  3. Characteristics of LLP.
  4. Incorporation and Differences with other forms of organisations.
The Companies Act, 2013
  1. Essential features of company.
  2. Corporate veil theory.
  3. Classes of companies.
  4. Types of share capital.
  5. Incorporation of company.
  6. Memorandum of Association.
  7. Articles of Association.
  8. Doctrine of Indoor Management.
The Negotiable Instruments Act, 1881
  1. Meaning of Negotiable Instruments.
  2. Characteristics.
  3. Classification of Instruments.
  4. Different provisions relating to Negotiation.
  5. Presentment of Instruments.<br>- Rules of Compensation.
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Paper 3: Quantitative Aptitude


  • To develop an understanding of the basic mathematical and statistical tools and apply the same in business, finance, and economic situations.
  • To develop logical reasoning skills.

Topics and Subtopics

Part A: Business Mathematics
Ratio and proportion
Ratio and proportion and Time and work-related problems, Laws of Indices, Exponents and Logarithms and AntiLogarithms
Linear Equations Upto Three Variables, Quadratic and Cubic equations in one variable. Applications in Business Related Problems.
Linear Inequalities
Linear Inequalities in one and two variables and the solution space
Mathematics of Finance
Simple Interest, Compound Interest, Nominal and Effective Rate of Interest, Present Value, Net Present Value, Future Value, Perpetuity, Annuities, Sinking Funds, Calculating EMI, Calculations of Returns: Nominal and Effective rate of Return, Compound Annual Growth Rate(CAGR)
Permutations and Combinations
Basic concepts of Permutations and combinations: Introduction, the factorial, permutations, results, circular permutations, permutations with restrictions, Combinations With standard results
Sequence and Series
Introduction Sequences, Series, Arithmetic and Geometric progression, Relationship between AM and GM and Sum of n terms of special series and Business Applications
Sets, Relations, and Functions
Basics of Limits and Continuity Functions
Part B: Logical Reasoning
Number series Coding and Decoding and odd man out, Direction Tests, Seating Arrangements, Blood Relations
Part C: Statistics
Statistical Representation of Data
Diagrammatic representation of data, Frequency Distribution, Graphical representation of Frequency Distribution–Histogram, Frequency Polygon, Ogive, Pie-chart
Basic principles of sampling theory, comparison between sample survey and complete enumeration, some important terms associated sampling type of sampling, sampling and non-sampling errors
Measures of Central tendency and Dispersion
Mean Median, Mode, Mean Deviation, Quartiles and Quartile Deviation, Standard Deviation, Coefficient of Variation, Coefficient of Quartile Deviation
Independent and dependent events; mutually exclusive events. Total and Compound Probability and Bayes Theorem
Theoretical Distributions
Random variables, Discrete and Continuous Random variables, Expectation of a discrete random variable, Theoretical Distributions: Binomial Distribution, Poisson distribution–basic application and Normal Distribution–basic applications
Correlation and Regression
Scatter diagram, Karl Pearson’s Coefficient of Correlation Rank Correlation, Regression lines, Regression equations, Regression coefficients
Index Numbers
Uses of Index Numbers, Problems involved in construction Index Numbers, Methods of construction of Index Numbers.BSE SENSEX NSE

Paper 4: Business Economics

Objective: To develop an understanding of the concepts and theories of Economics and to acquire the ability for addressing application-oriented issues.

Topics and Subtopics

Topic Subtopics
Introduction to Business Economics – Meaning and scope of Business Economics.
Basic Problems of an Economy and Role of Price Mechanism – Theory of Demand and Supply
– Theory of Consumer’s Behaviour – Indifference Curve approach.
– Theory of Production and Cost
Price Determination in Different Markets – Market Structures: Perfect Competition, Monopoly and Monopolistic Competition.
– Price Determination in these Markets.
– Price-Output Determination under different Market Forms.
Determination of National Income – Macro Economic Aggregates and Measurement of National Income.
– Determination of National Income: Keynes’ Two Sector Basic Model, Three Sectors and Four Sectors Models.
Business Cycles – Meaning, Phases, Features, Causes behind these Cycles.
Public Finance – Fiscal functions: An Overview, Centre and State Finance.
– Market Failure/Government Intervention To Correct Market Failure.
– Process of budget making: Sources of Revenue, Expenditure Management, and management of Public Debt.
Monetary Economics – Money Market
– Monetary Policy
International Trade – Theories of International Trade including theories of intra-industry trade Krugman.
– Trade Policy–The Instruments of Trade Policy.
– Trade Negotiations.
– Exchange Rates and its economic effects.
– International Capital Movements: Foreign Direct Investment.
Indian Economy – Before 1950 – Chanakya and Nand Vansh
– OECD Paper (1950-1991)
– Basic knowledge 1991 Onwards

The new syllabus for CA Foundation provides a comprehensive understanding of various economic concepts and their applications in business and the global economy.

Requirements for Clearing CA Foundation Examination 2024

To pass the CA Foundation examination in 2024, a candidate must meet the following criteria:

  • Obtain a minimum of 40% marks in each paper.
  • Obtain a minimum of 50% marks in the aggregate of all papers.

Paper Format:

  • Papers 1 and 2 are objective-type papers and will have negative marking (details to be notified later).
  • Papers 3 and 4 are subjective type papers.
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Overview of CA Foundation Exam

The CA Foundation exam serves as the entry-level examination for individuals aspiring to pursue a career in Chartered Accountancy. It is conducted by the Institute of Chartered Accountants of India (ICAI), the governing body responsible for regulating the CA profession in the country. The exam assesses candidates on their knowledge and understanding of fundamental accounting principles, business laws, economics, and quantitative aptitude.


The primary objective of the CA Foundation exam is to ensure that candidates possess the necessary skills and knowledge required to pursue the CA course further. It serves as a gateway for students to enter the prestigious Chartered Accountancy profession.


The CA Foundation exam consists of four papers, divided into two groups:

  1. Paper 1: Principles and Practices of Accounting
  2. Paper 2: Business Laws and Business Correspondence and Reporting
  3. Paper 3: Business Mathematics, Logical Reasoning, and Statistics
  4. Paper 4: Business Economics and Business and Commercial Knowledge


To appear for the CA Foundation exam, candidates must have completed their 10+2 examination from a recognized board or institution. Additionally, they need to register with the ICAI for the CA Foundation course at least four months before the examination.

Examination Pattern:

  • Papers 1 and 2 are subjective papers, while Papers 3 and 4 are objective-type papers.
  • Each paper carries a maximum of 100 marks, with a total of 400 marks for all four papers combined.
  • To pass the exam, candidates must score a minimum of 40% marks in each paper and a minimum of 50% marks in aggregate across all papers.

Preparation Tips for CA Foundation Syllabus 2024

Here are some useful tips to help you prepare for the CA Foundation exam:

  • Know the Syllabus: Understand the CA Foundation syllabus thoroughly. Pay attention to the topics included and excluded from the curriculum and prepare accordingly.
  • Start Early: Begin your preparations early to allow enough time for revision and practice. Starting early can help you cover the syllabus more effectively.
  • Refer to the Right Study Material: Utilize the study material provided by ICAI for the CA Foundation exam. Additionally, refer to other recommended books and resources to enhance your understanding of the topics.
  • Practice with Mock Tests: Take advantage of mock tests to simulate the exam environment and improve your performance. ICAI provides mock tests on its website, which can be a valuable resource for practice.
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New CA Foundation syllabus for 2024 introduces updated subjects and topics designed to provide aspiring chartered accountants with a comprehensive understanding of key concepts in accounting, finance, taxation, and business laws. The exam structure includes four papers covering various aspects of accounting, business laws, quantitative aptitude, logical reasoning, statistics, and economics. To pass the exam, candidates must meet specific criteria, including obtaining a minimum of 40% marks in each paper and 50% marks in the aggregate. Preparation tips include understanding the syllabus, starting early, referring to the right study material, and practicing with mock tests. Overall, the CA Foundation exam serves as a crucial step towards a rewarding career in Chartered Accountancy, requiring diligence, dedication, and a strong understanding of the core concepts.



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